Long Covid is defined by these 12 symptoms, new study finds

A new study brings more understanding about the symptoms Long covidA set of post-infectious conditions that can last months or years after a person has contracted COVID-19.

Published in a medical journal funded by the National Institutes of Health Jama On Thursday, the study identified 12 common symptoms associated with Long covid With the goal of helping researchers develop much-needed treatment options.

“This study is an important step toward defining long-term Covid disease beyond any individual symptom,” said study author Dr. Leora Horwitz, director of the Center for Healthcare Innovation and Delivery Science and co-principal investigator of the NYU Langone Health Recover Clinical Science Core. , said A press release. “This approach — which can evolve over time — can serve as a foundation for scientific discovery and treatment design.”

After analyzing data from 9,764 adults, including 8,646 people with COVID-19 and 1,118 without, the researchers identified 12 symptoms that distinguished those with prolonged Covid-19 illness. Symptoms include:

  • Post-exercise malaise (debilitating fatigue that worsens after physical or mental activity)
  • Fatigue
  • Brain fog
  • Dizziness
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms
  • Heart palpitations
  • Problems with sexual desire or ability
  • Loss of smell or taste
  • Thirst
  • Chronic cough
  • chest pain
  • Abnormal movements

A range of other symptoms were reported by a small number of patients, and the study noted that 37 symptoms were more frequent in those with Covid-19 infection after 6 months than in those without infection.

More than 100 million Americans have been infected with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, according to the press release, with about 6% continuing to experience and Suffering from prolonged covid symptoms.

“Americans living with chronic Covid-19 want to understand what’s going on in their bodies,” said Assistant Secretary for Health Dr. Rachel L. Levin said in the release.

Prolonged covid — also known as the post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection, or PASC — was more common and more severe among study participants who were previously infected, the study found. 2021 Omicron variantwere Unvaccinatedand those who experienced re-infection.

Previous studies have also shown that whose The initial bout with Covid-19 was mild Can develop longer covid.

The study authors call their findings a “first step” in identifying cases of the condition, and they hope it can serve as “a starting point” for further research.

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